Lessons learned from demise of Northwest aluminum industry | Don Brunell

Driving east along SR 14 these days, you see water pouring out of Columbia River dams. It is already a high water year with much of the runoff from our heavy mountain snowpack yet to come.

Driving east along SR 14 these days, you see water pouring out of Columbia River dams. It is already a high water year with much of the runoff from our heavy mountain snowpack yet to come.

It is part of our “feast or famine” weather cycle.

As you pop over the hilltop near the historic Maryhill Museum, you look down to see John Day Dam with its floodgates open spilling massive amounts of water.

Then you see remains of the razed Goldendale Aluminum Co. smelter next to the dam. That plant once accounted for 1,300 jobs, $40 million in personal income and $2 million in Klickitat County taxes. Now, you just see concrete pads, a water tower and a small office.

Twenty years ago, Goldendale was a vibrant plant. It was one of 10 “reduction works” melting imported ore into aluminum in Washington, Oregon and Montana. Those plants were not only critical to our region’s economy, but they were vital to our nation’s World War II effort. The first plants at Vancouver and Longview supplied the light-weight sturdy metal to Boeing for Army Air Corps bombers.

Today, the smelters are gone. The last two at Ferndale and Wenatchee closed two years ago. So are the jobs, taxes and economic impact.

In 1998, Washington’s aluminum industry employed more than 7,500 people. Workers earned $50,000 a year with good benefits, health insurance and retirement. In addition, the industry spent $1.83 billion annually in purchased goods and services creating additional revenue and employment.

Just as important, those plants were locate in Vancouver, Longview, Tacoma, Wenatchee, Ferndale, Spokane and Goldendale.

Seattle economist Dick Conway noted those jobs were mostly in the “other Washington” referring to rural areas where unemployment is often higher than the national average.

The region’s aluminum producers grew with the abundant power generated by Bonneville and Grand Coulee dams. The industry’s electric furnaces consumed triple the amount of power required to light and heat Seattle.

Ironically, it was the lack of adequate runoff which severely curtailed hydropower becoming the tipping point for the industry. Remember, three-fourths of our electricity is supplied by our dams.

Starting in 2000, for the next two years snowpack in the Cascade and Rocky Mountains, was a fraction of normal. As a consequence, electric rates soared and aluminum plants curtailed operations, furloughed workers and sent their earmarked power to residential customers.

Cost, particularly of electricity, were climbing and newer more efficient plants were built elsewhere.

Along with the drought came foreign competition most notably from China and Russia which now produce nearly six out of every 10 tons of aluminum worldwide.

There are lessons to be learned from the demise of our region’s aluminum industry. Today, we have other energy intensive industries which need the same reasonably priced and consistent supply of electricity.

In the last 25 years, we have added large electrical loads for internet server farms, carbon fiber and solar plants in Central Washington. Along the I-5 corridor there are semiconductor manufacturers with electricity demands as large as aluminum smelters. Then there are traditional high-load customers: Boeing, papermakers and food processors.

Costs matter more than ever today. Elected officials at all levels of government need to include the impacts of their decisions on jobs, our economy and the tax base. Government regulators must carefully weigh the costs and benefits of our regulations.

Washington is already a high price of business state. The demise of the aluminum industry illustrates with companies and jobs, there is a tipping point.

Don C. Brunell is a business analyst, writer and columnist. He retired as president of the Association of Washington Business, the state’s oldest and largest business organization, and now lives in Vancouver. He can be contacted at theBrunells@msn.com.

More in Business

Belmont venture offers lavender, much more

The remodeled barn opened as a business in July.

Good economic news in time for the holidays | Don Brunell

But how long will increasing revenue streams last?

Immunizations make a difference | Don Brunell

Venezuela is in deep trouble, partly because its public health system no longer offer the full cycle of vaccinations.

‘Medical spa’ offers variety of skin treatments

Rainier Laser and Aesthetics Center is now open in Enumclaw.

Enumclaw opens new preschool, now enrolling students

Classes for two different age groups are being offered.

Cost matters when businesses hire | Don Brunell

It’s not just wages, but benefits, that companies must consider when hiring or retaining workers.

Military also adjusting to worker shortages | Don Brunell

There are just fewer qualified people in the employment pool to fill jobs which require higher educational standards, more skills, a willingness to work hard, and the dexterity to be part of a team.

Portland shipyard building wave of the future | Don Brunell

While it may not be the first commercial wave energy project, it will be one of the largest.

Carbon fee hurts businesses and families | Don Brunell

A carbon tax would raise over $610 million in its first year and jump to $761 million by 2023, but the added cost from the initiative over 15 years is projected to be 57-cents a gallon.

The Russians are indeed coming | Don Brunell

Russia is now the world’s top wheat producer.

Firehouse Pub: slight change of address but atmosphere remains the same

It was quite the project, renovating the pub’s new home.

Enumclaw’s QFC debuts home delivery service

The first order is free, but other orders will come with a charge.